Amateur astronomers are sometimes very skilled and creative, but also want to enjoy astronomy without buying expensive devices. This page tries to list active and open source projects that offer alternate solutions to market products, for lower cost or higher quality.
Alternative astronomy hardware
For focusers and telescope mount control, the general idea is to add some stepper motors that are accurate and powerful enough to do the job, mount them somehow with a 3D-printed or metal-bent support, use a microcontroller and motor drivers, and finally develop the interfacing software. In many cases, the motors are better and cheaper than those found on the market devices.
Using belts instead of gears is quite popular and cheap these days too, and helps reducing backlash and periodic error.
Telescope mount motor control units
To be able to control your telescope mount with a hand controller or a computer, it needs to have two things: motors and a control unit. Solutions on the market are at least $400 for a small automatic slewing system, called GoTo.
OnStep has been reported to be more active and more versatile than AstroEQ. An alternative design for the max version can be found here. The max version can handle 4 stepper motors, 2 for the mount and 2 for focusers or field rotator, useful with altitude/azimuth mounts. It can accomodate several stepper drivers and stepper motor models, if time is spent to configure it properly. It is also based on the Teensy microcontroller, it is more powerful than an Arduino Mega. See also OnStep github.
The MCMTII french open project targets large telescopes that have custom mounts and drives big motors.
Guiding only interfaces
A proper weather station that can detect cloud coverage and rain, which is mandatory for remote or automatic observatories, costs on the market at least $350.
Two approaches seem to exist for the cloud coverage: infrared sensor and a Peltier device that measures temperature difference between the ground and the sky. Here is an article that explains how the infrared sensor works and implements it with an Arduino and the MLX90614 sensor ($20).
Several ways of detecting rain exist:
- optical, similar to what is used to activate the wipers in cars. This makes reliable and cheap sensors, $59 here: rainsensors.com.
- conductive, the cheapest rain sensor found uses this, on amazon. Here's an instructables.com page on how to implement this, the sensor costs about $4 with its module. Many other models exist on component sites.