Revision as of 17:49, 2 September 2022 by Vincent (talk | contribs) (→‎stack: fixing weights description)

This page contains a list of commands available in Siril 1.1.0. The reference for version 1.0.0 is available here.

Commands are often added or modified, this means that the version of Siril you are using may not be the same as the version documented here.

Introduction

Siril has a command line in its graphical user interface and an ability to run scripts that are a list of commands, either from the graphical user interface or from the command line interface. Some commands have an effect on the loaded image or sequence and allow them to be processed in some way without user intervention. With 0.9.9, we introduced commands that helped automating the processing of a sequence, like register and stack. They work on sequences that are not loaded.

The <SPACE> character is the delimiter between arguments. If you need to have spaces inside the arguments, you can use the quote or double quote, just like in a shell.

Commands can be typed in the command line at the bottom of Siril's main window. Another way is to put commands in a file and execute it as a script. To execute the file, use the @ token of the command line like so:

@file_name

Command stream (pipe)

Starting with 0.9.10, a new mode has been introduced in which commands can be sent through a named pipe and logs and status can be obtained through another. The mode is activated using the -p command line argument.

The protocol is quite simple: Siril receives commands and outputs some updates. Only commands that are marked as scriptable can be used with this system. Whenever the command inputs pipe is closed or the cancel command is given, the running command is stopped as if the stop button was clicked on in the GUI. The pipes are named siril_command.in and siril_command.out and are available in /tmp on Unix-based systems. Since version 1.1.0, the paths of the pipes can be configured with -r and -w options, which allows external programs to create them before starting Siril, typically with the mkfifo command. Also new in 1.1.0, a ping command will simply give a status return, indicating if siril is ready to process a command or already busy.

Outputs of siril on the pipe is a stream of one line text and formatted as follows:

  • ready is printed on startup, indicating siril is ready to process commands
  • log: followed by a log message
  • status: verb [subject], where verb can be either of starting, success, error or exit (exit message is not yet implemented). The subject is the current command name, except for exit that indicates that siril suffered a fatal error and has to exit.
  • progress: value% is the equivalent of the progress bar, it sends percents periodically, and sometimes 0% at the end of a processing as an idle information.

Commands history

These lists help you see what has changed in the last version, whether new or modified commands.

Siril command line functions reference

This is the list of commands available in the development version of Siril. Check the list above, some may not be available in your version.

addmax

addmax filename

addmax compute a new image IMG with IMG_1 and IMG_2. The pixel of IMG_1 is replaced by the pixel at the same coordinates of IMG_2 if the intensity of 2 is greater than 1. Do not forget to save the result.

asinh

asinh [-human] stretch [offset]

Stretches the image to show faint objects using an hyperbolic arcsin transformation.

The mandatory argument stretch, typically between 1 and 1000, will give the strength of the stretch. The black point can be offset by providing an optional offset argument in the normalized pixel value of [0, 1]. Finally the option -human uses human eye luminous efficiency weights to compute the luminance used to compute the stretch value for each pixel, instead of the simple mean of the channels pixel values.

autostretch

autostretch [-linked] [shadowsclip [targetbg]]

Auto-stretches the currently loaded image, with different parameters for each channel (unlinked) unless -linked is passed. Arguments are optional, shadowclip is the shadows clipping point, measured in sigma units from the main histogram peak (default is -2.8), targetbg is the target background value, giving a final brightness to the image, range [0, 1], default is 0.25. The default values are those used in the Auto-stretch rendering from the GUI.

Do not use the unlinked version after color calibration. Linked preserves the white balance.

bg

bg

Returns the background level of the image loaded in memory.

bgnoise

bgnoise

Returns the background noise level.

boxselect

boxselect [-clear] [x y width height]

Make a selection area in the currently loaded image with the arguments x, y, width and height, with x and y being the coordinates of the top left corner starting at (0, 0), and width and height the size of the selection.

The -clear argument deletes any selection area. If no argument is passed, the current selection is printed.

cd

cd directory

Set the new current working directory. directory can contain the ~ token, expanded as the home directory, directories with spaces in the name can be protected using single or double quotes. Examples:

  • cd ~/M42
  • cd '../OIII 2x2/'

cdg

cdg

Return the coordinates of the center of gravity of the image. Only pixels with values above 15.7% of max ADU and having four neighbors filling the same condition are used to compute it, and it is computed only if there are at least 50 of them.

clahe

clahe cliplimit tileSize

Equalizes the histogram of an image using Contrast Limited Adaptive Histogram Equalization

clear

clear

Clears the graphical output logs

clearstar

clearstar

Clear all the stars saved in memory and displayed on the screen.

close

close

Properly closes the opened image and the opened sequence, if any.

convert

convert basename [-debayer] [-start=index] [-out=directory] [-fitseq] [-ser]

Convert all images of the current working directory that are in a supported format into Siril's sequence of FITS images (several files) or a FITS sequence (single file) if -fitseq is provided or a SER sequence (single file) if -ser is provided. The argument basename is the base name of the new sequence, numbers and the extension will be put behind it.

For FITS images, Siril will try to make a symbolic link; if not possible, files will be copied. The option -debayer demosaics the input CFA images, in this case new RGB files are created.

-start=index sets the starting index parameter for the converted images (not used with -fitseq or -ser) useful to continue an existing sequence (make sure you remove the target .seq if it exists in that case, or that you check force .seq recomputation when searching sequences.

The -out= option changes the output directory to the provided argument.

convertraw

convertraw basename [-debayer] [-start=index] [-out=directory] [-fitseq]

Convert DSLR RAW files into Siril's FITS images or a FITS sequence (single file / FITS cube) if -fitseq is provided or a SER sequence (single file) if -ser is provided. The basename argument is the base name of the new sequence. The debayer option applies demosaicing to images, -start=index sets the starting index parameter and -out=directory provides a directory for output files inseead of the CWD. For more information on arguments see convert.

cosme

cosme filename

Apply the local mean to a set of pixels on the in-memory image (cosmetic correction). The coordinate of this pixels are in an ASCII file (provided in the filename argument) in lines whose format is indicated below. COSME is adapted to correct residual hot and cold pixels after preprocessing.

Lines P x y type will fix the pixel at coordinates (x, y) type is an optional character (C or H) specifying to Siril if the current pixel is cold or hot. This line is created by the command FIND_HOT but you also can add some lines manually:
Lines C x 0 type will fix the bad column at coordinates x.
Lines L y 0 type will fix the bad line at coordinates y.

cosme_cfa

cosme_cfa filename

Same function as COSME but applying to RAW CFA images.

crop

crop [x, y, width, height]

It can be used with the GUI: if a selection has been made with the mouse, calling the crop command without arguments crops it on this selection. Otherwise, or in scripts, arguments have to be given, with x and y being the coordinates of the top left corner, and width and height the size of the selection.

ddp

ddp level coef sigma

Performs a DDP (digital development processing) as described first by Kunihiko Okano. This implementation is the one described in IRIS. It combines a linear distribution on low levels (below level) and a non-linear on high levels. It uses a Gaussian filter of sigma sigma multiplies the resulting image by coef. The typical values for sigma are included between 0.7 and 2

dumpheader

dumpheader

Prints the FITS header of the currently loaded image, if any.

entropy

entropy

Computes the entropy of the opened image on the displayed layer, only in the selected area if one has been selected or in the whole image else. The entropy is one way of measuring the noise or the details in an image.

exit

exit

Quits the application.

extract

extract NbPlane

Extracts NbPlane planes of Wavelet domain. For color extraction, see split.

extract_Green

extract_Green

Extracts green signal from the currently loaded CFA image. It reads the Bayer matrix information from the image or the preferences and exports only the averaged green filter data as a new half-sized FITS file. The output file name starts with the prefix "Green_".

See SEQEXTRACT_GREEN for the same operation for sequences.

extract_Ha

extract_Ha

Extracts H-alpha signal from the currently loaded CFA image. It reads the Bayer matrix information from the image or the preferences and exports only the red filter data as a new half-sized FITS file. The output file name starts with the prefix "Ha_".

See SEQEXTRACT_HA for the same operation for sequences.

extract_HaOIII

extract_HaOIII

Extracts H-alpha and O-III signals from the currently loaded CFA image. It reads the Bayer matrix information from the image or the preferences and exports only the red filter data for H-alpha and an average of the three others as a new half-sized FITS files. The output file name start with the prefixes "Ha_" and "OIII_".

See SEQEXTRACT_HAOII for the same operation for sequences.

fdiv

fdiv filename scalar

Divides the image in memory by the image given in argument. The resulting image is multiplied by the value of the scalar argument. Please check that the image is in the working directory.

See also idiv.

fftd

fftd modulus phase

Applies a Fast Fourier Transform to the image loaded in memory. Modulus and phase given in argument are saved in FITS files.

ffti

ffti modulus phase

This function is used to retrieve corrected image applying an inverse transformation. The modulus and phase used are the files given in argument.

fill

fill value x y width height

Fills the whole current image (or selection) with pixels having the value intensity.

fill2

fill2 value x y width height

Same command as FILL but this is a symmetric fill of a region defined by the mouse. Used to process an image in the Fourier (FFT) domain.

find_cosme

find_cosme cold_sigma hot_sigma

This command applies an automatic detection of cold and hot pixels following the threshold written in arguments.

find_cosme_cfa

find_cosme_cfa cold_sigma hot_sigma

Same command as FIND_COSME but for monochromatic CFA images.

find_hot

find_hot filename cold_sigma hot_sigma

The command provides a list file filename (format text) in the working directory which contains the coordinates of the pixels which have an intensity hot_sigma times higher and cold_sigma lower than standard deviation, identified in the currently loaded image. We generally use this command on a master-dark file. The COSME command can apply this list of bad pixels to a loaded image, see also SEQCOSME to apply it to a sequence.

findstar

findstar

Detects stars having a level greater than a threshold computed by Siril. The algorithm is based on the publication of Mighell, K. J. 1999, in ASP Conf. Ser., Vol. 172, Astronomical Data Analysis Software and Systems VIII, eds. D. M. Mehringer, R. L. Plante, & D. A. Roberts (San Francisco: ASP), 317.

After that, a PSF is applied and Siril rejects all detected structures that don't fulfill a set of prescribed detection criteria. Finaly, a circle is drawn around detected stars. See also the command CLEARSTAR.

fix_xtrans

 fix_xtrans

Fixes the Fujifilm X-Trans Auto Focus pixels. Indeed, because of the phase detection auto focus system, the photosites used for auto focus get a little less light than the surrounding photosites. The camera compensates for this and increases the values from these specific photosites giving a visible square in the middle of the dark/bias frames.

fixbanding

fixbanding amount sigma

Try to remove the canon banding. Argument amount define the amouont of correction. Sigma defines a protection level of the algorithm, higher sigma gives higher protection.

fmedian

fmedian ksize modulation

Performs a median filter of size ksize [math]\displaystyle{ \times }[/math]ksize (ksize MUST be odd) to the original image with a modulation parameter modulation. The output pixel is computed as : out [math]\displaystyle{ = }[/math]mod [math]\displaystyle{ \times\ m + (1- }[/math]mod[math]\displaystyle{ ) \times }[/math]in, where m is the median-filtered pixel value. A modulation's value of 1 will apply no modulation.

fmul

fmul scalar

Multiplies the loaded image by the scalar given in argument.

gauss

gauss sigma

Applies to the working image a Gaussian blur with parameter sigma.

See also UNSHARP, the same with a blending parameter.

get

get { -a | -A | variable }

Get a setting value, using its variable name, or list all with -a (name and value list) or -A (detailed list).

See also the SET command to update values.

ght

ght [-human | -even | -independent] D B LP SP HP [channels]

Generalised hyperbolic stretch based on the work of the ghsastro.co.uk team.

An optional argument (either -human, -even or -independent, can be passed to select either human-weighted or even-weighted luminance or independent colour channels for colour stretches (the argument is ignored for mono images).

There are a number of mandatory arguments:

  • D defines the strength of the stretch, between 0 and 10
  • B defines the intensity of the stretch near the focal point, between -5 and 15
  • LP defines a shadow preserving range between 0 and SP where the stretch will be linear, preserving shadow detail
  • SP defines the symmetry point of the stretch, between 0 and 1, which is the point at which the stretch will be most intense
  • HP defines a region between HP and 1 where the stretch is linear, preserving highlight details and preventing star bloat.

Optionally, the parameter channels may be used to specify the channels to apply the stretch to: this may be R, G, B, RG, RB or GB. The default is all channels.

grey_flat

grey_flat

The function equalizes the mean intensity of RGB layers in a CFA images. This is the same process used on flats during preprocessing when the option equalize CFA is used.

help

help [command]

Lists the available commands or help for one command.

histo

histo layer

Calculates the histogram of the image layer in memory and produces file histo_[layer name].dat in the working directory.

layer = 0, 1 or 2 with 0=red, 1=green and 2=blue.

iadd

iadd filename

Adds the image in memory to the image designed in argument. Please check that the image is in the working directory.

idiv

idiv filename

Divides the image in memory by the image given in argument. Please check that the image is in the working directory. See also fdiv.

imul

imul filename

Multiplies the image in memory by the image given in argument. Please check that the image is in the working directory.

invght

invght [-human | -even | -independent] D B LP SP HP [channels]

Invert a generalised hyperbolic stretch. It provides the inverse transformation of GHT, if provided with the same parameters, to undo a GHT command, possibly returning to a linear image. It can also work the same way as GHT but for images in negative. Optionally, the parameter channels may be used to specify the channels to apply the stretch to: this may be R, G, B, RG, RB or GB. The default is all channels.

invmodasinh

invmodasinh [-human | -even | -independent] D LP SP HP [channels]

Invert a modified asinh stretch. It provides the inverse transformation of MODASINH, if provided with the same parameters, to undo a MODASINH command, possibly returning to a linear image. It can also work the same way as MODASINH but for images in negative. Optionally, the parameter channels may be used to specify the channels to apply the stretch to: this may be R, G, B, RG, RB or GB. The default is all channels.

isub

isub filename

Substracts the image in memory by the image given in argument. Please check that the image is in the working directory.

light_curve

light_curve sequencename channel { -at=x,y | -wcs=ra,dec } { -refat=x,y | -refwcs=ra,dec } ...
light_curve sequencename channel -ninastars=file

Analyse several stars in a sequence of images and produce a light curve for one, calibrated by the others. The first coordinates, in pixels if -at= is used or in degrees if -wcs= is used, are for the star whose light will be plotted, the others for the reference stars.

Alternatively, a list of target and reference stars can be passed in the format of the NINA exolpanet plugin star list, with the -ninastars= option. Siril will verify that all reference stars can be used before actually using them. A data file is created in the current directory named light_curve.dat, gnuplot plots the result to a PNG image if available.

See also SEQPSF for operations on single star.

linstretch

linstretch BP [channels]

Stretches the image linearly to a new black point BP. There is one mandatory argument: BP provides the new black point to stretch to. Optionally, the parameter channels may be used to specify the channels to apply the stretch to: this may be R, G, B, RG, RB or GB. The default is all channels.

linear_match

linear_match reference low high

Computes a linear function between a reference image and a target image already loaded in memory. The function is then applied to the target image to match it to the reference one. The algorithm will ignore all reference pixels whose values are outside of the [low, high] range. The target image is not saved after the call, see the save command.

link

 link basename [-start=index] [-out=directory]

Create a new sequence from all FITS images found in the current working directory by linking them to a new name starting with the basename given in argument. If no symbolic link could be created, files are copied. The -out= option changes the output directory to the provided argument.

livestack

livestack filename

Process the provided image for live stacking. Only possible after START_LS. The process involves calibrating the incoming file if configured in START_LS, demosaicing if it's an OSC image, registering and stacking. The temporary result will be in the file live_stack_00001.fit until a new option to change it is added.

Note that the live stacking commands put Siril in a state in which it's not able to process other commands. After START_LS, only LIVESTACK, STOP_LS and EXIT can be called until STOP_LS is called to return Siril in its normal, non-live-stacking, state.

load

load filename
load filename.ext

Loads the image filename; it first attempts to load filename, then filename.fit and finally filename.fits and after, all supported format, aborting if none of these are found. These scheme is applicable to every Siril command implying reading files. Fits headers MIPS-HI and MIPS-LO are read and their values given to the current viewing levels. Writing a known extension at the end of filename will load the image filename.ext: this is used when numerous files have the same name but not the same extension.

Extensions supported are :

  • *.fit, *.fits, *.fts
  • *.bmp / *.jpg, *.jpeg / *.png / *.tif, *.tiff
  • *.ppm, *.pgm
  • *.pic (IRIS file)

log

log

Computes and applies a logarithmic scale to the current image, using the following formula: log(1 - (value - min) / (max - min)), with min and max being the minimum and maximum pixel value for the channel.

ls

ls

Lists files and directories in the working directory.

merge

merge seq1 seq2 [... seqn] newseq

Merges several sequences of the same type (FITS images, FITS sequence or SER) and same image properties into a new sequence with base name newseq created in the current working directory, with the same type. The input sequences can be in different directories, can specified either in absolute or relative path, with the exact .seq name or with only the base name with or without the trailing '_'.

mirrorx

mirrorx

Rotates the image around a vertical axis.

mirrory

mirrory

Rotates the image around an horizontal axis.

modasinh

modasinh [-human | -even | -independent] D LP SP HP

Modified arcsinh stretch based on the work of the ghsastro.co.uk team. This is similar to the simple asinh stretch but offers additional parameters for fine tuning.

An optional argument (either -human, -even or -independent, can be passed to select either human-weighted or even-weighted luminance or independent colour channels for colour stretches (the argument is ignored for mono images).

There are a number of mandatory arguments:

  • D defines the strength of the stretch, between 0 and 10
  • LP defines a shadow preserving range between 0 and SP where the stretch will be linear, preserving shadow detail
  • SP defines the symmetry point of the stretch, between 0 and 1, which is the point at which the stretch will be most intense
  • HP defines a region between HP and 1 where the stretch is linear, preserving highlight details and preventing star bloat.

Optionally, the parameter channels may be used to specify the channels to apply the stretch to: this may be R, G, B, RG, RB or GB. The default is all channels.

mtf

mtf low midtone high [channels]

Applies midtone transfer function to the current loaded image. Three parameters are needed, low, midtones and high where midtones balance parameter defines a nonlinear histogram stretch in the [0,1] range. Optionally, the parameter channels may be used to specify the channels to apply the stretch to: this may be R, G, B, RG, RB or GB. The default is all channels.

neg

neg

Shows the negative view of the current image.

new

new width height nb_layers

Creates a new image filled with zeros with a size of width x height. The image is in 16-bit format, and it contains nb_layers layers, nb_layers being 1 or 3. It is not saved, but displayed and can be saved afterwards.

nomad

nomad [limit_magnitude]

If local star catalogues have been installed and currently loaded image has WCS information (= has been plate solved), display the stars with photometric information with at their expected positions, down to the provided magnitude, or 13 by default. If brighter stars do not show, it's because they don't have the photometric information (B-V index) required for the photometric color calibration (PCC).

Use CLEARSTAR to clear the drawn stars.

nozero

nozero level

Replaces null values by level values. Useful before an idiv or fdiv operation.

offset

offset value

Adds the constant value to the current image. This constant can take a negative value. As Siril uses unsigned fit files, if the intensity of the pixel become negative its value is replaced by 0 and by 65535 (for a 16-bit file) if the pixel intensity overflows. To check the minimum and maximum intensities values, click on the Auto level button and note the low and high threshold.

pcc

pcc [image_center_coords] [-noflip] [-platesolve] [-focal=] [-pixelsize=]

Run the Photometric Color Correction on the loaded image.

If the image has already been plate solved, the PCC can reuse the solution. If you're not confident with the WCS information of the image being accurate, you can force the plate solving to be remade using the -platesolve flag.

If not in the image's header or not reliable, the approximate image center coordinates can be provided in decimal degrees or degree/hour minute second values (J2000 with colon separators), with right ascension and declination values separated by a comma or a space.

Unless -noflip is specified, the image will be flipped during the plate solving operation, if run, if it is detected as being upside-down. If image has no reliable metadata, focal length and pixel size can be passed as arguments for plate solving, which would override all other sources (image and settings).

pm

pm "expression"

This command evaluates the expression given in argument as in PixelMath tool. The full expression must be between double quotes and variables (that are image names located in the working directory in that case) must be surrounded by the token $, e.g. "$image1$ * 0.5 + $image2$ * 0.5". A maximum of 10 images can be used in the expression.

preprocess

preprocess sequencename [-bias=filename|value] [-dark=filename] [-flat=filename] [{ -cc=dark [siglo sighi] | -cc=bpm bpmfile }] [-cfa] [-debayer] [-fix_xtrans] [-equalize_cfa] [-opt] [-prefix=] [-fitseq]

Preprocesses (calibrates) the sequence sequencename using any of bias, dark and flat masters given in argument.

The bias master file can be replaced by an integer value or an expression that uses the OFFSET entry from the FITS header, in the form =2048 or =64*$OFFSET. See the tutorial on synthetic bias for more information.

By default, cosmetic correction is not activated. If you wish to apply some, you will need to specify it with -cc= option. You can use -cc=dark to detect hot and cold pixels from the masterdark (a masterdark must be given with the -dark= option), optionally followed by siglo and sighi for cold and hot pixels respectively. A value of 0 deactivates the correction. If sigmas are not provided, only hot pixels detection with a sigma of 3 will be applied. Alternatively, you can use -cc=bpm followed by the path to your Bad Pixel Map to specify which pixels must be corrected. An example file can be obtained with a FIND_HOT command on a masterdark.

Three options apply to color images (in CFA format): -cfa for cosmetic correction purposes, -debayer to demosaic them before saving and -equalize_cfa to equalize the mean intensity of the three R, G and B layers of the CFA flat master to avoid giving a tint to the calibrated image.

The -fix_xtrans option is dedicated to X-Trans files by applying a correction on dark and bias images to remove an ugly square pattern caused by autofocus.

It is also possible to optimize (adjust its level to match the offset of the image) the dark subtraction with -opt, possible only if both bias and dark masters are provided.

The output sequence name starts with the prefix "pp_" unless otherwise specified with option -prefix=. If -fitseq is provided, the output sequence will be a FITS sequence (single file).

preprocess_single

preprocess_single filename [-bias=filename|value] [-dark=filename] [-flat=filename] [-cfa] [-debayer] [-fix_xtrans] [-equalize_cfa] [-opt] [-prefix=]

Calibrates a single FITS image, using any of bias, dark and flat masters given in argument. Arguments are the same as for PREPROCESS, except -fitseq that applies only to a sequence.

psf

psf [channel]

Performs a PSF (Point Spread Function) on the selected star and displays the results. If provided, the channel argument selects the image channel on which the star will be analyzed. It can be omitted for monochrome images or when run from the GUI with one of the channels active in the view.

The command will output:

  • The centroid coordinates (x0 and y0) in pixel units, which is the position of the center of symmetry of the fitted PSF.
  • The FWHM on the X and Y axis.
  • The rotation angle of the X axis with respect to the centroid coordinates.
  • The average local background.
  • The maximal intensity of the star: this is the peak value of the fitted function, located at the centroid coordinates x0 and y0.
  • The relative magnitude of the star.
  • The RMSE. This is an estimate of fitting quality. The smaller the RMSE is, the better the function is fitted.

To be relevant, the selection MUST be done on a non-saturated star.

register

register sequence [-2pass] [-noout] [-drizzle] [-prefix=] [-minpairs=] [-transf=] [-layer=] [-maxstars=] [-nostarlist] [-interp=] [-selected]

Finds and optionally performs geometric transforms on images of the sequence given in argument so that they may be superimposed on the reference image. Using stars for registration, this algorithm only works with deep sky images. Star detection options can be changed using SETFINDSTAR or the Dynamic PSF dialog. The detection is done on the green layer for colour images, unless specified by the -layer option with an argument ranging from 0 to 2 for red to blue.

The -2pass and -noout options will only compute the transforms but not generate the transformed images. In that case, use the SEQAPPLYREG command to generate the transformed sequence used during stacking. In other cases, transformed sequence is created with a name prefixed with r_ unless otherwise specified with the -prefix= option.

The reference frame, if not previously chosen with SETREF or from the GUI, will be set to the first image of the sequence. This can cause inaccurate registration if this first image is not of good quality (bad focus or tracking, cloud pass...). The option -2pass added in version 1.2 adds a preliminary pass to the registration, first detecting stars and choosing the best reference frame using a function based on FWHM and the number of stars, then computing the transforms of all frames relative to this new reference. The only drawback is that this makes the registration process a little slower because images must be read twice, once by this command and once by SEQAPPLYREG. -2pass never produces an output, so implies -noout. -noout alone uses the single pass, first image as reference, registration. -nostarlist disables saving the star lists to disk for caching purposes.

The option -transf= specifies the type of transformation to compute:

  • shift, a 2 degrees of freedom (dof), X and Y translation, rigid transform (can be used with -noout to not create a new sequence, and still be stacked directly)
  • similarity, a 4 dof transform, X and Y translation, a scale and rotation
  • affine, a 6 dof transform, X and Y translation, two scales, one shear and rotation
  • homography (default), a 8 dof warping transform.

The option -drizzle activates the sub-pixel stacking by up-scaling by 2 the generated images or by setting a flag that will proceed to the up-scaling during stacking if -transf=shift -noout are passed.

The option -minpairs= will specify the minimum number of star pairs a frame must have with the reference frame, otherwise the frame will be dropped and excluded from the sequence. The option -maxstars= will specify the maximum number of stars to find within each frame (must be between 100 and 2000). With more stars, a more accurate registration can be computed, but will take more time to run.

The pixel interpolation method used during image transformation can be specified with the -interp= keyword followed by one of the methods in the list { no[ne] | ne[arest] | cu[bic] | la[nczos4] | li[near] | ar[ea] }. If none is passed, the transformation is forced to shift and a pixel-wise shift is applied to each image without any interpolation. This option is unused if the output sequence is not created.

All images of the sequence will be registered unless the option -selected is passed, in that case the excluded images will not be processed.

reloadscripts

reloadscripts

Rescans the scripts folders and updates scripts menu.

requires

requires x.y.z

This function returns an error if the version of Siril is older than the one passed in argument.

resample

resample factor

Resamples image with a factor factor. This is generally used to resize images, a factor of 0.5 divides size by 2.

In the graphical user interface, we can see that several interpolation algorithms are proposed. Here, Pixel Area Relation is used and cannot be changed.

rgbcomp

rgbcomp red green blue [-out=result_filename]
rgbcomp -lum=image { rgb_image | red green blue } [-out=result_filename] 

Create an RGB composition using three independent images, or an LRGB composition using the optional luminance image and three monochrome images or a color image. Result image is called composed_rgb.fit or composed_lrgb.fit unless another name is provided in the optional argument.

rgradient

rgradient xc yc dR dalpha

Creates two images, with a radial shift (dR in pixels) and a rotational shift (dalpha in degrees) with respect to the point (xc, yc). Between these two images, the shifts have the same amplitude, but an opposite sign. The two images are then added to create the final image. This process is also called Larson Sekanina filter.

rl

rl threshold sigma corner_radius_boost iterations

Restores an image using the Richardson-Lucy method. Threshold generates an internal mask based on microcontrast in the image which then is used to blend the deconvoluted with the convoluted image. Sigma is the size of the kernel to be applied, while corner_radius_boost is a value which is added to Gaussian sigma for the tiles in the corners of an image. Iterations is the number of iterations to be performed.

Valid values are 0.4 to 2.0 for sigma and -0.5 to 0.5 for corner_radius_boost.

rmgreen

rmgreen [type]

rmgreen is a chromatic noise reduction filter. It removes green tint in the current image. This filter is based on PixInsight's SCNR Average Neutral algorithm and it is the same filter used by HLVG plugin in Photoshop.

With the command, lightness is always preserved. For image processing without L* preservation, use the graphical tool and uncheck the corresponding box.

type can take values 0 for Average Neutral Protection or 1 for Maximum Neutral Protection.

rotate

rotate degree

Rotates the image of an angle of degree value.

rotatepi

rotatepi

Rotates the image of an angle of 180° around its center. This is equivalent to the command rotate 180 or rotate -180.

satu

satu amount [background_factor [hue_range_index]]

Enhances the color saturation of the loaded image. Try iteratively to obtain best results.

  • amount can be a positive number to increase color saturation, negative to decrease it, 0 would do nothing, 1 would increase it by 100%
  • background_factor is a factor to (median + sigma) used to set a threshold for which only pixels above it would be modified. This allows background noise to not be color saturated, if chosen carefully. Defaults to 1. Setting 0 disables the threshold.
  • hue_range_index can be [0, 6], meaning: 0 for pink to orange, 1 for orange to yellow, 2 for yellow to cyan, 3 for cyan, 4 for cyan to magenta, 5 for magenta to pink, 6 for all (default).

save

save filename

Saves current image to filename.fit. Fits headers MIPS-HI and MIPS-LO are added with values corresponding to the current viewing levels. filename can contain a path as long as the directory already exists.

savebmp

savebmp filename

Saves current image under the form of a bitmap file with 8bits per channel: filename.bmp (BMP 24 bits).

savejpg

savejpg filename [quality]

Saves current image into a JPG file. You have the possibility to adjust the quality of the compression. A value 100 for quality parameter offers best fidelity while a low value increases the compression ratio. If no value is specified, it holds a value of 100. This command is very usefull to share an image in the jpeg format on the forums for example.

savepng

savepng filename

Saves current image as a PNG file, with 16 bits per channel if the loaded image is 16 or 32 bits, and 8 bits per channel if the loaded image is 8 bits.

savepnm

savepnm filename

Saves current image under the form of a Netpbm file format with 16bits per channel. The extension of the output will be filename.ppm for RGB image and filename.pgm for gray-level image. More details about the Netpbm format at : http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Netpbm_format.

savetif

savetif filename

Saves current image as an uncompressed TIFF file with 16bits per channel. The .tif suffix is added to the filename.

savetif32

savetif32 filename

Same command as SAVE_TIF but the output file is saved in 32bits per channel.

savetif8

savetif8 filename

Same command as SAVE_TIF but the output file is saved in 8bits per channel.

select

select from to

This command allows easy mass selection of images in the loaded sequence (from - to, to included). Examples:

select 0 0

selects the first.

select 1000 1200

selects 201 images starting from number 1000

The second number can be greater than the number of images to just go up to the end.

See UNSELECT.

seqapplyreg

seqapplyreg sequencename [-drizzle] [-interp=] [-layer=] [-framing=] [-prefix=] [filtering options]

Applies geometric transforms on images of the sequence given in argument so that they may be superimposed on the reference image, using registration data previously computed and optionally excluding images from the sequence using the filtering options documented in the STACK command reference.

The output sequence name starts with the prefix r_ unless otherwise specified with -prefix= option.

The option -drizzle activates up-scaling by 2 the images created in the transformed sequence.

The interpolation method can be specified with the -interp= keyword followed by one of the methods in the list { no[ne] | ne[arest] | cu[bic] | la[nczos4] | li[near] | ar[ea] }. If none is passed, the transformation is forced to shift and a pixel-wise shift is applied to each image without any interpolation.

The registration is done on the first layer for which data exists for RGB images unless specified by -layer= option (0, 1 or 2 for R, G and B respectively).

Automatic framing of the output sequence can be specified using -framing= keyword followed by one of the methods in the list { current | min | max | cog }. -framing=max (bounding box) adds a black border around each image as required so that no part of the image is cropped when registered. -framing=min (common area) crops each image to the area it has in common with all images of the sequence. -framing=cog determines the best framing position as the center of gravity (cog) of all the images.

seqclean

seqclean sequencename [-reg] [-stat] [-sel]

This command clears frame selection, registration and/or statistics data stored in sequencename.

You can specify to clear only registration, statistics and/or selection with -reg, -stat and -sel options respectively. All are cleared if no option is passed.

seqcosme

seqcosme seqname [filename].lst [-prefix=]

Same command as COSME but for the the sequence sequencename.

The output sequence name starts with the prefix "cosme_" unless otherwise specified with option -prefix=. Only selected images in the sequence are processed.

seqcosme_cfa

seqcosme_cfa seqname [filename].lst [-prefix=]

Same command as COSME_CFA but for the the sequence sequencename.

The output sequence name starts with the prefix "cosme_" unless otherwise specified with option -prefix=. Only selected images in the sequence are processed.

seqcrop

seqcrop seqname x y width height [-prefix=]

Crops the sequence given in the seqname argument. The output sequence name starts with the prefix "cropped_" unless otherwise specified with -prefix= option. Only selected images in the sequence are processed.

seqextract_Green

seqextract_Green seqname [-prefix=]

Same command as EXTRACT_GREEN but for the sequence seqname. The output sequence name starts with the prefix "Green_" unless otherwise specified with option -prefix=. Only selected images in the sequence are processed.

seqextract_Ha

seqextract_Ha seqname [-prefix=]

Same command as EXTRACT_HA but for the sequence seqname. The output sequence name starts with the prefix "Ha_" unless otherwise specified with option -prefix=. Only selected images in the sequence are processed.

seqextract_HaOIII

seqextract_HaOIII seqname

Same command as EXTRACT_HAOIII but for the sequence seqname. The output sequences names start with the prefixes "Ha_" and "OIII_". Only selected images in the sequence are processed.

seqfind_cosme

seqfind_cosme cold_sigma hot_sigma [-prefix=]

Same command as FIND_COSME but for the loaded sequence. The output sequence name starts with the prefix "cc_" unless otherwise specified with -prefix= option. Only selected images in the sequence are processed.

seqfind_cosme_cfa

seqfind_cosme_cfa cold_sigma hot_sigma [-prefix=]

Same command as FIND_COSME_CFA but for the loaded sequence. The output sequence name starts with the prefix "cc_" unless otherwise specified with -prefix= option. Only selected images in the sequence are processed.

seqmtf

seqmtf seqname low midtone high [channels] [-prefix=]

Same command as MTF but for the sequence seqname. The output sequence name starts with the prefix "mtf_" unless otherwise specified with -prefix= option. Only selected images in the sequence are processed. Optionally, the parameter channels may be used to specify the channels to apply the stretch to: this may be R, G, B, RG, RB or GB. The default is all channels.

seqpsf

seqpsf [sequencename channel { -at=x,y | -wcs=ra,dec }]

Same command as PSF but works for sequences. This is similar to the one-star registration, except results can be used for photometry analysis rather than aligning images.

This command is what is called internally by the menu that appears on right click in the image, with the PSF for the sequence entry. By default, it will run with parallelisation activated; if registration data already exists for the sequence, they will be used to shift the search window in each image. If there is no registration data and if there is significant shift between images in the sequence, the default settings will fail to find stars in the initial position of the search area.

The follow star option can then be activated by going in the registration tab, selecting the one-star registration and checking the follow star movement box (default in headless if no registration data is available).

Results will be displayed in the Plot tab, from which they can also be exported to a comma-separated values (CSV) file for external analysis.

When creating a light curve, the first star for which seqpsf has been run, marked 'V' in the display, will be considered as the variable star. All others are averaged to create a reference light curve subtracted to the light curve of the variable star.

Currently, in headless operation, the command prints some analysed data in the console, another command allows several stars to be analysed and plotted as a light curve: LIGHT_CURVE. Arguments are mandatory in headless, with -at= allowing coordinates in pixels to be provided for the target star and -wcs= allowing J2000 equatorial coordinates to be provided.

seqsplit_cfa

seqsplit_cfa seqname [-prefix=]

Same command as SPLIT_CFA but for the sequence seqname. The output sequence name starts with the prefix "CFA_" and a number unless otherwise specified with -prefix= option. Only selected images in the sequence are processed.

Limitation: the sequence always outputs a sequence of FITS files, no matter the type of input sequence.

seqstat

seqstat seqname output [option]

Same command as STAT bit for sequence sequencename. Only selected images in the sequence are processed. The output is saved in a csv file given in second argument, the meaning of each value is explained in the statistics documentation page. The optional parameter can be basic, main or full. basic includes mean, median, sigma, bgnoise, min and max. main includes basic with the addition of avgDev, MAD and the square root of BWMV, full includes main with the addition of location and scale.

seqsubsky

seqsubsky seqname { -rbf | degree } [-samples=20] [-tolerance=1.0] [-smooth=0.5] [-prefix=]

Same command as SUBSKY but for the sequence sequencename. The output sequence name starts with the prefix "bkg_" unless otherwise specified with -prefix= option. Only selected images in the sequence are processed.

seqtilt

seqtilt [sequencename]

Same command as TILT but for the loaded sequence (from the GUI) or the sequence sequencename. It generally gives better result.

set

set { -import=inifilepath | variable=value }

Update a setting value, using its variable name, with the given value, or a set of values using an existing ini file with -import= option.

See GET to get values or the list of variables.

set16bits

set16bits

Forbid images to be saved with 32 bits per channel on processing, use 16 instead.

set32bits

set32bits

Allow images to be saved with 32 bits per channel on processing.

setcompress

setcompress 0/1 [-type=] [q] [hscale_factor]

Defines if images are compressed or not: 0 means no compression. If compression is enabled, the type must be explicitly written in the option -type= (rice, gzip1, gzip2 and hcompress). Associated to the compression, the quantization value must follow [0, 256] and in the case of hcompress, the hcompress scale factor [0, 256] as well. For example, setcompress 1 -type=rice 16 set the rice compression with a quantization of 16.

setcpu

setcpu number

Defines the number of processing threads used for calculation. Can be as high as the number of virtual threads existing on the system, which is the number of CPU cores or twice this number if hyper-threading (Intel HT) is available. The default value is the maximum number of threads available, so this should mostly be used to limit processing power. See also SETMEM.

Warning: this command does not persist over siril restarts, contrary to SETMEM which is saved in settings.

setext

 setext extension

Sets the extension used and recognized by sequences. The argument extension can be fit, fts or fits.

setfindstar

setfindstar [-radius=] [-sigma=] [-roundness=] [-focal=] [-pixelsize=] [-auto=on|off] [-relax=on|off]

Defines stars detection parameters for FINDSTAR and REGISTER commands.

The threshold for star detection is computed as the median of the image (which represents in general the background level) plus k times sigma, sigma being the standard deviation of the image (which is a good indication of the noise amplitude). If you have many stars in your images and a good signal/noise ratio, it may be a good idea to increase this value to speed-up the detection and false positives.

The roundness argument is the minimal ratio of the short axis on the long axis of the star Gaussian fit (see PSF). A value of 1 would keep only perfectly round stars, a value of 0.5, the default, means that stars detected twice as big on an axis as on the other will still be used for registration.

It is recommended to test the values used for a sequence with Siril's GUI, available in the dynamic PSF toolbox from the analysis menu. It may improve registration quality to increase the parameters, but it is also important to be able to detect several tens of stars in each image.

-radius= defines the radius of the initial search box and must be between 3 and 50.
-sigma= defines the threshold above noise and must be greater or equal to 0.05.
-roundness= defines minimum star roundness and must between 0 and 0.95
-auto= is used if set to on, in which case the radius option is corrected to account for the actual sampling defined by focal and pixelsize options (unless already defined in the image header). This option can be deactivated by setting -auto=off.
-focal= defines the focal length of the telescope.
-pixelsize= defines the pixel size of the sensor.
-relax= relaxes checks that are done on star candidates to assess if they are stars or not, to allow objects not shaped like stars to still be accepted (off by default).

setmag

setmag magnitude

Calibrates the magnitude by selecting a star and giving the known apparent magnitude. All PSF computations will return the calibrated apparent magnitude afterwards, instead of an apparent magnitude relative to ADU values. To reset the magnitude constant see UNSETMAG.

setmagseq

setmagseq magnitude

This command is only valid after having run seqpsf or its graphical counterpart (select the area around a star and launch the psf analysis for the sequence, it will appear in the graphs). This command has the same goal as setmag but recomputes the reference magnitude for each image of the sequence where the reference star has been found. When running the command, the last star that has been analysed will be considered as the reference star. Displaying the magnitude plot before typing the command makes it easy to understand. To reset the reference star and magnitude offset, see unsetmagseq.

setmem

setmem ratio

Sets a new ratio of free memory on memory used for stacking. Value should be between 0 and 1, depending on other activities of the machine. A higher ratio should allow siril to stack faster. Introduced in 0.9.11. See also SETCPU.

setphot

setphot [-inner=20] [-outer=30] [-aperture=10] [-force_radius=no] [-gain=2.3] [-min_val=0] [-max_val=60000]

Gets or sets photometry settings, mostly used by seqpsf. If arguments are provided, they will update the settings. None are mandatory, any can be provided, default values are shown in the command's syntax. At the end of the command's execution, the active configuration will be printed. Aperture is dynamic unless forced, the aperture value from settings is not used if dynamic, FWHM is used instead. Gain is used only if not available from the FITS header. See the documentation on these parameters in the aperture photometry page.

setref

setref sequencename image

Sets the reference image of the sequence given in first argument.

split

split r g b

Splits the currently loaded color image into three distincts files (one for each color) and save them in r g and b FITS files.

split_cfa

split_cfa

Splits the currently loaded CFA image into four distinct images (one for each filter of the Bayer matrix) and save them in FITS files. See SEQSPLIT_CFA for the same operation on a sequence.

Not supported for XTRANS sensors.

stack

 stack seqfilename
 stack seqfilename { sum | min | max } [filtering] [-output_norm] [-out=filename]
 stack seqfilename { med | median } [-nonorm, -norm=] [-filter-incl[uded]] [-fastnorm] [-out=filename]
 stack seqfilename { rej | mean } [rejection type] [sigma_low sigma_high] [-nonorm, -norm=] [filtering] [-fastnorm] [ -weight_from_noise | -weight_from_nbstack | -weight_from_wfwhm | -weight_from_nbstars ] [-rgb_equal] [-out=filename]

With filtering being some of these in no particular order or number:

 [-filter-fwhm=value[%]] [-filter-wfwhm=value[%]] [-filter-round=value[%]]
 [-filter-quality=value[%]] [-filter-incl[uded]]

Stacks the seqfilename sequence, using options.

The allowed types are: sum, max, min, med or median. The rejection type is one of { n[one] | p[ercentile] | s[igma] | m[edian] | w[insorized] | l[inear] | g[eneralized] | [m]a[d] } for Percentile, Sigma, Median, Winsorized, Linear-Fit, Generalized Extreme Studentized Deviate Test or k-MAD clipping. If omitted, the default (Winsorized) is used. The sigma low and high parameters of rejection are mandatory if rejection is not none.

See the tooltips in the stacking tab for more information about the stacking methods and rejection types, or see the documentation.

Best images from the sequence can be stacked by using the filtering arguments. The filtering uses registration data, either with a value for the last image to take depending on the type of data used (between 0 and 1 for roundness and quality) or a percentage of best images to keep if the number is followed by a % sign. It is also possible to use manually selected images, either previously from the GUI or with the select or unselect commands.

If several filters are added to the command, only images that pass all the filters will be stacked. There is consequently no order. If a filter is badly declared, because it has no registration data or a too low threshold, nothing will be stacked.

Normalization is automatically enabled for median and mean with rejection stacking methods. This can be overridden using the -nonorm flag or the -norm=normalization option. The allowed normalization are: add, addscale, mul or mulscale. For other methods, or with the use of the -nonorm flag, normalization is disabled. The additional flag -fastnorm will enable the use of faster estimators for location and scale than the default IKSS, which in a few cases may give less good results.

Weighting of the images is possible using either the noise level computed from each image (option -weight_from_noise), the FWHM weighted by the number of stars common with the reference image (option -weight_from_wfwhm), the number of stars in the image (option -weight_from_nbstars) (the last two computed during registration), or using the number of images previously used to stack the input images, indicated by the STACKCNT or NCOMBINE FITS header keywords (option -weight_from_nbstack), the latter being used for live or iterative stacking. These options can only be enabled with mean or rejection stacking, when normalization has been enabled.

-output_norm applies a normalization at the end of the stacking to rescale result in the [0, 1] range,-rgb_equal equalizes the RGB channels of the stacked image (color-only).

Stacked image for the sequence is created with the name provided in the optional argument -out, or with the name of the sequence suffixed "_stacked" and the configured FITS file extension. If a file with this name already exists, it will be overwritten without warning.

Note that this command was added in the 0.9.9 release, the filtering and output naming options were added in the 0.9.11 release and the output_norm in the 1.0.0, weighting options, rgb equalization and disabling the rejection were added in 1.1.0.

stackall

 stackall
 stackall { sum | min | max } [filtering]
 stackall { med | median } [-nonorm, norm=] [-filter-incl[uded]]
 stackall { rej | mean } [rejection type] [sigma_low sigma_high] [-nonorm, norm=] [filtering] [ -weight_from_noise | -weight_from_wfwhm | -weight_from_nbstars | -weight_from_nbstack ] [-rgb_equal] [-out=filename]

With filtering being some of these in no particular order or number:

 [-filter-fwhm=value[%]] [-filter-wfwhm=value[%]] [-filter-round=value[%]]
 [-filter-quality=value[%]] [-filter-incl[uded]]

Opens all sequences in the current working directory (CWD) and stacks them with the optionally specified stacking method. See STACK command for options description.

Stacked images for each sequence are created with the suffix "_stacked" and the configured FITS file extension.

Note that most options for this command were introduced in the 0.9.8 release, the filtering options were introduced in the 0.9.11 release and the output_norm option in the 1.0.0 release.

starnet

starnet [-stretch] [-upscale] [-stride=value] [-nostarmask]

This command calls Starnet++ to remove stars from the current image.

Prerequisite: Starnet++ is an external program, with no affiliation with Siril, and must be installed correctly prior to first use of this command, with path to its installation directory correctly set in Preferences / Miscellaneous.

The starless image is loaded on completion, and a star mask image is created in the working directory unless the optional parameter -nostarmask is provided.

Optionally, parameters may be passed to the command:

  • The option -stretch is for use with linear images and will apply a pre-stretch before running Starnet and the inverse stretch to the generated starless and starmask images.
  • To improve star removal on images with very tight stars, the parameter -upscale may be provided. This will upsample the image by a factor of 2 prior to Starnet++ processing and rescale it to the original size afterwards, at the expense of more processing time.
  • The optional parameter -stride=value may be provided, however the author of Starnet strongly recommends that the default stride of 256 be used.

More tips and tricks are available there.

start_ls

start_ls [-dark=filename] [-flat=filename]

Initialize a livestacking session, using the optional calibration files and wait for input files to be provided by the LIVESTACK command until STOP_LS is called.

Note that the live stacking commands put Siril in a state in which it's not able to process other commands. After START_LS, only LIVESTACK, STOP_LS and EXIT can be called until STOP_LS is called to return Siril in its normal, non-live-stacking, state.

stat

stat

Returns global statistics of the current image. The meaning of each value is explained on the statistics documentation page. If a selection is made, the command returns global statistics within the selection. To compute the statistics on a sequence, see SEQSTAT.

stop_ls

stop_ls

Stop the live stacking session. Only possible after START_LS.

Note that the live stacking commands put Siril in a state in which it's not able to process other commands. After START_LS, only LIVESTACK, STOP_LS and EXIT can be called until STOP_LS is called to return Siril in its normal, non-live-stacking, state.

subsky

subsky { -rbf | degree } [-samples=20] [-tolerance=1.0] [-smooth=0.5]

Computes a synthetic background gradient using either the polynomial function model of degree degrees or the RBF model (if -rbf is provided instead) and subtracts it from the image. The number of samples per horizontal line and the tolerance to exclude brighter areas can be adjusted with the optional arguments. Tolerance is in mad units: median + tolerance * mad. For RBF, the additional smoothing parameter is also available.

threshlo, threshhi, thresh

These are threshold functions:

  • threshlo 40 replaces values below 40 with 40;
  • threshhi 1000 replaces values above 1000 with 1000;
  • thresh 40 1000 does both.

tilt

tilt

Computes the Sensor tilt as the fwhm difference between the best and worst corner truncated mean values. The clear option allows to clear the drawing.

unselect

unselect from to

Allows easy mass unselection of images in the loaded sequence (from - to). See SELECT.

unsetmag

unsetmag

Reset the magnitude calibration to 0. See SETMAG.

unsetmagseq

unsetmagseq

Resets the magnitude calibration and reference star for the sequence. See SETMAGSEQ.

unsharp

unsharp sigma amount

Applies to the working image an unsharp mask, actually a Gaussian filtered image with parameter sigma and a blend with the parameter amount used as such: out = in * (1 + amount) + filtered * (-amount).

See also GAUSS, the same without the blending.

visu

visu low high

Displays an image with low and high as the low and high threshold.

wavelet

wavelet plan_number type

Computes the wavelet transform on nbr_plan plans using linear (type=1) or bspline (type=2) version of the 'a trous' algorithm. The result is stored in a file as a structure containing the planes, ready for weighted reconstruction with WRECONS.

wrecons

wrecons c1 c2 ... cn

Reconstructs to current image from the planes previously computed with wavelets and weighted with coefficients c1, c2, ..., cn according to the number of planes used for wavelet transform.