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Siril, un software de procesamiento de imágenes gratuito

Siril significa Iris for Linux (sirI-L). Es una herramienta para procesar imágenes astronómicas, capaz de convertir y pre-procesar imágenes, ayudar a alinearlas de modo automático o manual, apilarlas y mejorar las imágenes finales. Esta página es la página para la nueva version de Siril.

La versión actual es 0.9.0 rc1. La versión anterior era 0.9.0 beta.

Quién debería usar Siril?

Siril está dirigido a astrónomos aficionados que han tomado imágenes y quieren procesarlas de manera semi-automática. Entrega una interfaz mas amistosa que la línea de comandos de Iris, pero no es aun tan automatizado como DeepSkyStacker o Registax. También provee una línea de comandos para accesar varias funciones de procesamiento.

Siril puede procesar tanto imágenes planetarias (muchas imágenes pequeñas) como imágenes de cielo profundo (unas pocas imágenes grandes con todos los datos de pre-procesamiento). El registro es capaz de alinear automáticamente (sólo traslación) imágenes planetarias, usando DFT, así como también imágenes de cielo profundo, usando PSF en una estrella de referencia, siempre y cuando el desplazamiento entre imágenes no sea muy grande. La capacidad de alinear manualmente lo hace también apropiado para astrónomos aficionados con imágenes de mala calidad que las herramientas automáticas no pueden alinear de manera apropiada.

Los astrónomos profesionales generalmente usan imágenes con profundidad de 32-bits, pero Siril usa únicamente imágenes de 16-bits (excepto temporalmente para el apilado). Se pueden cargar imágenes de 32-bits pero serán degradadas al ser convertidas a 16-bits. Aún así puede ser útil si la intención es producir imágenes para el público general.

Y de manera más general, por aquellas personas que quieren usar software gratuito en sistemas operativos gratuitos para procesar imágenes. Siril puede incluso ser utilizado para extraer cuadros individuales desde varios formatos de video. Para formase una idea, vea algunos resultados, o las páginas de documentación.

News

  • 13 de Abril de 2015
    • Hemos estado trabajando duro para acelerar los algoritmos de apilado en las CPUs multi-core, dándole mejor soporte a SER y estamos también trabajando en las dos principales faltas de Siril: tomar en cuenta la rotación y el multi-punto durante el registro, para obtener mejores imágenes de cielo profundo y planetarias. Estos trabajos están en progreso, y tomará algunas semanas para compleatrlo.
  • 10 de Diciembre de 2014; revisión 707
    • Arreglo de falla crítica en el percentil de recorte
  • 5 de Diciembre de 2014; revisión 694
    • Se implementó un botón para detener el proceso de fondo.
  • 30 de Noviembre de 2014; revisión 678
    • Comenzando el desarrollo de una aplicación de hilos múltiples para computación pesada. Hay un nuevo hilo para lastareas largas, manteniendo así la respuesta de la interfaz. Esto se implementa en el preprocesamiento.
  • 29 de Noviembre de 2014, revisión 677
    • Arreglo de falla en el algoritmo spline para extraer el fondo.
  • 27 de Noviembre de 2014; revisión 674
    • Gran actualización que arregla una falla en el módulo de extracción del fondo. También se mejoró el algoritmo spline.
    • Nuevo módulo para remover las bandas de Canon (mismo algoritmo utilizado en PixInsight)
  • November 11, 2014; committed revision 671
    • First beta and package release of the new Siril. Previous version was known as 0.9 alpha and was not released outside subversion.
  • November 8, 2014; committed revision 659
    • Fourier Transform module now accepts color images.
  • November 2, 2014; committed revision 643
    • New rejection stacking process for small set of data: Percentile Clipping.
  • October 31, 2014; committed revision 641:
    • Fixing critical bug in Winsorized Sigma Clipping.
    • Fixing rejected pixels count.

El software está en fase beta, lo que significa que su estabilidad está siendo mejorada, pero la mayoría de las funciones están trabajando. Si encuentra una falla y quiere reportarla (por favor, hágalo), contcate al equipo usando los enlaces al final de esta página, o utilice el sistema proporcionado por su S.O.

Many improvements have been done over the previous unmaintained version. The command line has been reactivated in large proportions, see the list of currently available commands on the dedicated Commands page. New commands and features have been and are being developed. For a complete list of features, see the 0.9.0 beta page, the subversion log, or the list of features below.

The roadmap for Siril is being updated for its after-release life. The main coming developments are completely remaking the conversion and sequence features to handle any list of files, and providing a registration that takes image rotation into account. Ideas are stored in the TODO file, and the list of known bugs is maintained in the BUGS file. The complete changelog is available in the SVN log (not available online), a summary is available in the news section here and in the page of each release, as well as in the ChangeLog file. If you want to contribute, you are welcome!

Start using Siril / Documentation

Siril's works internally with FITS images, unsigned 16-bit per pixel and per channel. All images you want to process with Siril thus needs to be converted using the Conversion tab, except for SER and film sequences which are converted on-the-fly.

For pre-processing, Siril applies master offset/bias, dark and flat images to the current sequence. These master images thus have to be processed before processing the actual image sequence. Siril currently does not support processing multiple sequences at the same time, so each layer of the final image must be processed independently before assembling them into an RGB image.

A documentation page contains an illustrated complete processing tutorial, instructions on how to use particular features of Siril, along with a few videos to illustrate or describe these capabilities.

Siril stacking result.png

List of Siril features

New features are being introduced quite regularly. Here is a list of main features:

  • Native image format support
    • unsigned 16-bit FITS files (other FITS are converted to this format on-the-fly)
    • SER files
    • AVI and many other film files
  • Image conversion (to the native FITS format only)
    • Supported input types: 8-bit and 16-bit BMP, TIFF, JPEG, PNG files, NetPBM binary images, RAW DSLR images.
  • Image registration; supported methods:
    • Translation using DFT centered on an object, generally used for planetary images
    • Translation using PSF of a star, generally used for deek-sky images
    • Manual translation with two preview renderings of the current image with reference frame in transparency
    • Image rotation and plate-solving are not implemented yet
  • Image stacking
    • Summing
    • Median
    • Percentile clipping
    • Sigma clipping
    • Median sigma clipping
    • Winsorized sigma clipping
    • Linear fit clipping
    • Pixel maximum
  • Pre-processing of images with multi-channel offset, dark and flat images
  • Enhancement of final images: lightness/contrast cursors on each layer, different scaling modes (linear, log, square root, squared, asinh, histogram equalisation), negative and false colour rendering and clipping.
  • A command line for various processing functions, see the list of available commands.
  • A star finding algorithm with PSF information

Limitations:

  • Only 3-channel colour images assigned to R, G and B are possible in the general workspace (image processing and sequence handling). It is however possible to manipulate many 1-channel image to create a colour composition, such as popular LRGB, RGBHa or SII-Ha-OIII images.

Compilation and installation

Since 0.9.0b, Siril is released as source package or binary package in various distributions. The other choice is accessing the development trunk in the subversion repository. There is a package for the Arch Linux system, built from the subversion source, in AUR. Siril has also been tested and reported running on MacOS but needs a specific installation, please see the dedicated page.

Dependencies

Siril depends on a number of libraries, which all should be available in your operating system if it is recent enough. See a list of packages names for Debian here. Mandatory dependencies are:

  • gtk+-3.6 (Graphical user interface library)
  • cfitsio (FITS images support)
  • fftw (Discrete Fourier Transform library)
  • gsl (The GNU Scientific Library)
  • libconfig++ (Structured configuration files support)

Optional dependencies are:

  • libraw, libtiff, libjpeg, libpng for RAW, TIFF, JPEG and PNG images import and export. The libraries are detected at compilation-time.
  • FFMS2 for film native support as image sequences. It also allows frames to be extracted from many kinds of film, for other purposes than astronomy. Versions < 2.20 have an annoying bug. It is recommanded to install the last version.
  • OpenCV and a C++ compiler for binned image resizing in the LRGB composition tool. Without it, only images the same size can be composed. It is also used to rotate images in the rotation tool (not yet in registration).

Installation instructions

This section describes how to build Siril from source. For binary packages or dependencies, see the install documentation page, or the current version link at the top of the page.

Get the subversion repository using this command:

$ svn --trust-server-cert co https://free-astro.vinvin.tf/svn/siril/

(sorry for the bad certificate). The source is read-only if you have no particular authorization. If you want to participate to Siril and be able to commit on the svn, send a message to user Vincent here.

Once you have got Siril's source code, it's easy to install it. Siril is managed with autotools, so it's simply built using ./configure and make. If you don't have autotools or other development packages, see this install documentation. The configure script is not shipped to allow for better interoperability and can be generated using this command:

$ aclocal && autoconf && autoheader && automake --add-missing

Then run ./configure and make. To install Siril, with the correct rights, use the usual:

$ make install

To launch Siril, the command name is siril.

Who is behind Siril?

The project leader of this new version is Vincent. He is a computer scientist (PhD), and uses Siril as an amateur to process images from a Canon EOS and a B&W QSI camera on a 410mm telescope.

Cyril is a physicist (PhD), motivating new developments and providing high quality processing algorithms to Siril.

François Meyer wrote the initial (up to v0.8) versions. Here are the legacy Sourceforge project and website.

See the AUTHORS file for the complete list of contributors.